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    ѧѯʱ...... ڿǿɿְķרҵѧѯƽ̨!!!

    生孩子的过程很血腥ַ:ff00.coF2F4Y5L8-   O   C   X

    ʱ䣺2022-10-061

    ժ Ҫ ժҪʵǿʵڽоԼڸо𲽽ҴƵ״оWeb of Scienceݿ2014-2019¼ӢΪо󣬶ƽз֮ CiteSpaceпӻ

    ժҪʵǿʵڽоԼڸо𲽽ҴƵ״оWeb of Scienceݿ2014-2019¼ӢΪо󣬶ƽз֮ CiteSpaceпӻӢϵڸоƵλΪҶڿģͲɹӦáɴ˵õҹʵǿʵоʾǿ෽λоˮƽ;ȡȥ㣬ϸо;ٽѧںϣֿѧͳһ;ϼЭͬ£ƽVR/ARϷƿ;ලʶӵʵ

    ؼʡVR;AR;Web of Scienceݿ;CiteSpace;ӻ

    һ

    񣬷δĽΡ΢εԶ̽ģʽϺõػʿγԴʦʱշ⡣Ȼڽѧ龳кͽԼѧģʽԵҪصչǧ1960꣬ʵ(VR)ɪչΪڼϵͳģĻɵĿɽļ1990겨˾Ա¶״ǿʵ(AR)һʣüʵϡʵʱάעΪ׼ʵ϶̬λûϢżάռʵһϢ첢ѧϰߵӾϵͳɴΪµĻᡣ

    2016ΪVR/ARԪ꣬VR/ARڵġƽ߱(ߵȽ)бԤΪ2~3 ڲõĹؼȻڽVR/ ARûڽչԤԵ֮ʧڰУ֮ǸΪ˵Ļʵ(MR)ⲻżڽϵоϲ㣬ͬʱӳоߵļ2019Ϣ簲ȫҪ㡷ָҪƶݡVR˹ܵ¼ڽѧеӦá

    ڴˣоԽ(2014-2019)Web of Science(WoS)ݿΪҪϢԴײÿѧ֪ʶͼףԿӻķʽһؼ뷢չȵ㣬ӶչVR/ARо״뷢չƣΪָҹڸĺоṩο

    Դо

    (һ)Դ

    оѡȡWoSݿϼΪҪԴͬʱͻо׵Ĺѧߵоɹ۵㡣ʹݿ߼ܣ óŻļʽΪTS=("Virtual Reality*" OR "Augment Reality*" OR AR OR VR) AND TS=(Teach* OR Learn* OR Education* OR School* OR Classroom*) ѡΪӢѡΪڿʱѡΪ 2014-2019꣬3 163ƪףͨױ⼰ڿɸѡҪĹ2 010ƪΪһĻ

    ()о

    оȷоƣоȵǰأӦ֪ʶͼסùַȷ׽пӻжϸѧĹϵͼVR/ARӽ̽ڽѧеоȵ㼰չǰΪҹоʵṩο

    о

    (һ)оƷ

    1. ڿԴ߻ֲ

    оͨWoSݿԼķõǰڿֱΪJournal of Surgical EducationComputers in Human BehaviorComputers& EducationڿѧҪҽѧࡢࡢࡢ̼;ڿƵĵڿӢڿӰ϶ȡ

    ķҪӸԼй½֮ĶԱСȣͨWoSչͳƷڻϿɷΪĸݶӡһݶΪ׶شѧѧߵķռ5.078%ӳӢڸѧͳ;ڶݶӽķ45~50 ֮ұ˴˲СƽռʵڵһݶԼ0.2ٷֵ;ռĵݶΪռΪ 1%µĻ½λݶӡΣCiteSpaceлԹҺ͵ΪãɻҺ͵ͼ(ͼ1)Ļڸ䷶Χ㣬ΧΧ˼ôԼŷ޷ңֳŷ֮ĻƵй½Ȧ㣬Ȼ䷶ΧһЩŷ޹ңѧӰԵҵĺ١

    2. ׵ֲ

    ͨҺ͵ͳƷ˽ⲻͬҺ͵ԸоĹע빱׶ȡСӢڸӰȾǰҲ׷ֳܹУ716 ƪλڵһй½386ƪλڵڶӢ285ƪĻмô(189 ƪ)¹(131ƪ)(133ƪ)Ĵ(129ƪ)й̨(110ƪ)ϰ˸Һ͵100ƪҺϼƷռȳ˳ɣɴ˿ɼ˸Һ͵Ǹ׷

    ͼ2пԷ֣Ƶơ2016֮ǰ300~400ƪ¸ױƵξ3 000¡ӵɼ߱һо׶ΣƼĴٶ—ķֵ—ĭĵ͹—ȲĹ—ʵĸ߷(Gartner, 1995)ڹԸо𲽽磬2014-2016о״̬Ѵ“”׶ΣڵĽ׶εĹڡ2017-2019ٴγоȳָڽԣ˵ʱо׷оȶȲڵĽ׶Ρ2016֮׵ıƵÿ1 000νij̶һԴڽ(ѧձϰýҵ)һҲӲ淴ӳ 2016ǰкܴ

    մδڴ˽׶ǻоΪ5GĹ㷺ӦÿܻѸ VR/ARѧݴƶˣٶȡӳٵƣչ

    ()ȵƷ

    Ϊ˷Ĺȵƣо CiteSpaceɵͼؼʹͼֱõ˸ȵԼоȵ㡣

    1.

    ڹؼʹַĻϣʹCiteSpaceеͼסͼ3ڵСֲṹԷVR/ARĽоȵҪֱ࣬Ϊѧƽѧҽѧ򡢼ѧ

    1)ѧƽѧ

    ͼ3·ĽڵķΧ㣬CiteSpaceеڲʾ䵽ĶΪѧѧаѧѧӢѧ

    龳Ϊѧ“ARħ” ѧѧϰѧеֺͼ(Chien, Chen, & Jeng, 2010)SalinasQuinteroSanchezMendivil (2015)ѧͼʵʱԿԶǶȹ۲ɺͼARѧ˼ά˼ά԰ѧ˼άϣAR弸еͼԶάչͼάͼνϳ֣ܹʹѧϰ߸ֱ۵ͼεı仯ʽ(Chen, 2019)

    ѧƳȻµVRϵͳѧϰӲĻѧӦARѧͨ3Dӽṹģ͵תлѧԪصѧϰ(Iyiade, Bielawski, Rui, & David, 2018)

    ԳеĴųŸ߽ѧARнѧɽųӻѧϰͨųʵʱͬʱָüӦûԳɼΪͻѧиӰ죬ƳɴͳýѧϰݼСϷֹɵĿѧARϷ(Cai, Chiang, Sun, Lin, & Lee, 2016)

    Kishino(2005)ָϢʱ˷ḻĽ죬¼ΪչʾĽѧݣǿνСˡ෴O'SheaElliott (2016)޳VR/ARչϢ似Ϊѧ˻ѧѧۺزǿڽѧ򷢹ⷢȵıҪΪʱ»ARĽAPPָ谭·չ⼰չHendrysSilviaRamon(2017)AR ӢĶϷ߽ӢĶװһARϷͼIJïչʾѧϰǰ봫ͳĶѧԱȣʵʾȻɼ첻ȴܴѧϰߵѧϰȤ̽Լ罻

    2)ҽѧ

    400ƪҽѧӦõ¡ɸѡ뾫֣漰оǿʵݵĽҲҽѧһѧصйءоϣѧƫȺĽԼٴײҽѧмVRϷı¶Ʒʹǿ˷֩Ŀ־(Miloff et al, 2016)3D ģΪ֪Ԫз̵VRϷ(Wiederhold, Wiederhold, & Miller, 2017)ЧVirtual Tee VRѧϰͨVRϷйѧϰ(Nicola, Virag, & Lᾰcrᾰmioara, 2017)

    3)ѧ

    ͼ3еϿԿѧѧΪܡһѧУԺϵڹԺУͬһԺϵĵĵλصһ棬ڽоij÷Ϊʵʵ໥֮üΪˣоͼ3ڵ㲿һоϣԴϵͳܡƿɲϵͳŻѧΪҪ

    Ramin(2018)ʮоVR Ӱûָ֮⣬ܹӰû˼Ϊʽһԭڱ档Ϊˣ𻷡ºͺ(2017)Ϊɴܻǻ۽ѧСǻӦáǻĸ潨ARǻУ԰Mota(2018)͵ǰʦȱһձ״ƳһԶĵżӻARߣò̵ĽʦҲʹARƷMunozCristobalGallego-LemaArribas-CuberoAsensio-Perez Martinez-Mones(2018)ָ˵ǰARΪڸͻ⣬ض͵Ľѧרעض͵Ŀռ䣬ͨ롣GLUEPS-ARϵͳʦƶARWebߵѧϰAnastassova PanëelsSouvestre(2016)רΪ̽˿ͨͷʾʵϢ͵ϢΪE2LP ϵͳΪʦӵĹṩ˽

    2. ؼʹ

    Ϊϸµطоȵ㣬оʹCiteSpaceеĹؼΪãɳƵؼʹͼ(ͼ4)ͬʱ̨ݣؼʵĹƵκԵָ(1)

    ͨͼ4Ĺؼʹͼ׿Է֣ɫԽĴƵԽ࣬ҲŸùؼָʾΪоȵ㣬1ǰʮĸƵؼʣȥVR/AReducationΪĹؼǰ⣬ӿֳperformance simulationskill environment systemȹؼʣ׷ӳVR/ARۿоVR/ARڸѧеİоVR/ARϷĿӦо

    ȣڶԱȱ1йؼʵƵԿԷ֣ԭƵеARȴûгеǰʮһ˹VRоעARӵɵļߵĹ۵VRARȲĹڡԴˣҹоɿ“”ڹVR ˺ľı£תΪARΪͻƵ㣬5G

    ΣԱȹؼаԵаvalidityinterventionoutcomeframework ĸؼʣɴƶϳڸоҪԽѧϵͳƿӦΪҲӲ淴ӳڽѧ۹Լϵоʵ

    VR/ARѧȷΪĴ̼—Ӧ(S-R)ַᷴϽйѧϰһʵ龳Ĺ۵㡣CiteSpacęṩBurst(ͻ)ѡԱʾһֵеһֵڶڷܴ仯ͱоԣͻʽϸߵĹؼʷֱΪtechnical skill competenceconstruct validityvirtual reality simulator

    ˣڸоȵܽΪԼרҵѧϰΪĿ꣬иЧȵĽѧģʽƹӦá

    ġоʾ

    (һ)

    ȣӢϵڸоƵλǴӷڿӰͼ4 Ƶؼʹͼ ǵϣӢϵžصĵλ¡ȷӢϵңѧӰǰв࣬ڸһϯ֮ءȻҹڷϽȻͲתΪʱ׶Ρ

    ΣѧϿռѧƽλ¼ѧб״һֳ“Բ”ƵλͬʱֳѧƵĺӣҲԾӰҹѧߡȻֺȴӰ쵽ѧ߶Ⱥо磺־֢ߡԼߡУꡢ껼ߵȵȡ

    ڹؼԵĶԱϿԵóоڿģͣɹӦáVirtual Realityeducationperformance϶ǰVReducationĸƵڼ£performanceһʵƵ֮߿ԱоڿģͣͻʽϸߵĹؼɿӡ֤ýۡ԰validityinterventionoutcome frameworkĸؼʵԾԿоձо񵥵ĵλֱAugmented Realityserious gameһԴAR VRоARϲӰһԴڽϷо VR/ARӦȲĹڹɣȴͻԵ¼оϾ˼“ϼ”ⲻɵɽһһϣVR/ARϷ

    ()ʾ

    1. ǿ෽λоˮƽ

    ǰŷڸоռƣҹѧ߽оӦҹ飬ԲʱԼڣäĿ磬Ĵǻ뺭߱׼ҪԼѭзȨԭ򣬽ʵͳһھı⣬ҹʵҪʵо̽ͷʵ鿪ʵ̽ѧӦǿѧߵĽӮͬһҹڸĹѧλ

    Σʩҵϡʦѭģʽ201812£ڼӿƽʵҵչָƶҹʵҵʵ2025ȫǰеķչĿꡣ201810 19գ2018VRҵϲĻ;2019㽭ʡȫʵʩߵȽǿʡսָҪ̽VR/ARijʽѧϰԿ뵽طοߺ۵صֶζVR/AR֧֡ͬʱӦҵĻ㾭Ӳּ֧ӴУȣ 2019廪ѧʽ“ʵѧ”ͬйѧVRʽɿʼá

    ֪ʶƼǿʵڿ

    ˣڼ£ڲҵƹ㡣о֣одVR/ARϵͳԭϵͳרĿƹ㡣ĿǰVR/ARûռ£ҪоͨƵ֣ҲҪϤѧɡѧݵĽרʵĽԴȻĿǰͬʱ߱ͬҵ֪ʶרҿν֮٣Կѧƽʦ˲ȱ״ͨ“У+ʦѵ”ķʽ

    2. ȡȥ㣬ϸо

    ϶Թ׵ĶҹԸоҪиĽ

    1)ʵĿ

    ȽӦʵѧȱЧۿƣͨ׷֣оVR/ARѧмӣͼȫԵۿܣӶȱԵĽѧƣȱѧϰͿýѧķӲʦѧѧݱ˴˷룬оϤ̥ʵһУ޷ΧزʵѧСˣо߿ҵָ´̽µļ뿪ģʽΪ·Ӧעؼȡʾ飬ŬŵġϸҪ۵ں˼УܹĿƣΪĿʵ»

    2)ͻЧ

    ʵ飬ѧƫʹʵʻƥARʽѧϰ(Arino, Juan, & GilGomez, 2014)VRARоɹĿǰǽгֵĽѧƣѧϰǽѧΪʼ֮ǰͷ⻷Ҫǿԣѧʦ⻷Ϊ“”״̬(أпܣ2017)Schank Kass(1996)һͬɳЧѧϰҪءһΪѧϰܹ߳䶯Ŀꡣһڲܽʦʵ¶ѧĶԱҪ⻷еĽѧ¹þ֪ԼѧϰķȼѧѧϰʹѧϰʵѧϰҪһ㣬ҪȾӦѧƻзΧѧڸû²侳ػȡ֪ʶҪϢжƻܹɵһҲ龳ѧϰǿԭĹ۵㡣(2017)ڷ⻷ƶʾʽĻϣֻ+VRӵƶǿʵѧʽĽڽͳɱͬʱʵʵеǿԼûɶȵŻƽ⡣嶰(2017)ΪVRһVRǽʽVRӦ豸ΪˣͻVR/ ARЧƣʵ֤Ʒоijɹܴ򶯽ѧʹǵķġ

    3)淶ʵ۷

    VR/ARѧĿѧѧϰЧѧϰЧIJǼѧϰĿɶȵҪ;ռ󲿷ֹоѡʵ鷨ƵоͰоֻ׼ʵƣиѧ߽ӺѧϰߵѧϰǨƼЧΪ˽һƲۺۣǰܹӳѧϰѧϰЧij̶ȣѧ֤ѧϰĸıʹijֽѧʽģ̬ȺͶռʵԽ۵뽨飬о߸ĽѧơO'SheaElliott (2016)ԴƳʹ۹ߣʹóУΪ㼶dzĴ༼ĽѧݷʵоӦVR/ARоĻϣھѧϰ֪̣оƣעضѧϰԪ֪ˮƽ˼άķоÿѧϽʵ̣ΪĸͿγ̽ѧṩ׼֧ŷ񡣼֮ʵЧƷϸߡʵϽǽоҪǵص㡣⣬VR/ARоɹİȫҲӦͳϸ΢֤ѧϰߵİȫ——ߣ ΰ

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